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Hartford School

Isaiah - Ch. 7-8

God’s Protection and Judgment

  1. Israel and Aram threaten Judah (Isaiah 7:1-9)

    1. During the reign of Ahaz (king of Judah), Israel and Aram attacked Jerusalem.
    2. God spoke to Isaiah, and told him to encourage Ahaz, and tell him that God would protect Israel against this threat.
  2. The Sign of Immanuel (Isaiah 7:10-16)

    1. God told Ahaz to ask for a sign from God. He refused, but God sent a sign any way: “the virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel” Isaiah prophesied that before this boy becomes a man, both Israel and Aram would be destroyed.
    2. Immanuel literally means “God with us”.
    3. This prophecy had both an immediate fulfillment in the time of Isaiah and Ahaz, but is also an important prophecy of the birth of Jesus at a much later time (Matthew 1:22-23).
  3. Isaiah prophesies that God will use Assryia to punish Israel (Isaiah 7:16-8:22)

    1. Israel will go from a land of abundance to being covered with briers and thorns (Isaiah 7:16-25)
    2. Isaiah has a son named Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz (which means “quick to the plunder”), because the wealth of Samaria (Israel) will be carried off by the king of Assyria (Isaiah 8:1-10). Isaiah prophesies Israel will be destroyed before his son can learn how to speak. Israel was destroyed by Assyria in 722 B.C.
    3. God warns Isaiah to fear him, and not follow the example of the people by consulting mediums and spiritists (Isaiah 8:11-22)

Study Questions

In these chapters we see God’s protection of Judah against an enemy (Aram), and God’s use of another enemy (Assyria) to execute his judgment against Israel.

  1. What is the difference between Judah and Israel (they are the southern and northern parts of the old Israel)? Why protection in one case, and punishment on the other?
  2. Do you think God both protects and punishes today? What do you think his objective would be for both?

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